20+ Useful Turkish Words and Sayings

If you’re planning a trip to Turkey or living in Turkey for a short/long term or simply interested in immersing yourself in the rich Turkish culture, learning a few basic words and phrases can go a long way. In this blog post, we’ve compiled a list of over 20 useful Turkish words and sayings that will help you navigate your way, connect with locals, and enhance your overall experience. So, let’s dive in and discover the beauty of the Turkish language!

Greetings and Basic Expressions: Let’s start with the essentials—greetings and basic expressions. Saying “Merhaba” (hello) and “Hoşça kal” (goodbye) will instantly create a friendly atmosphere. Expressing gratitude is important, so don’t forget to use “Teşekkür ederim” (thank you) whenever appropriate. And when you need someone’s attention, a polite “Lütfen” (please) will work wonders. For simple affirmations, “Evet” (yes) and “Hayır” (no) are your go-to words. And if you accidentally bump into someone, “Affedersiniz” (excuse me) will come in handy.

Numbers and Counting: Knowing numbers is crucial for basic communication. Memorize “Bir” (one), “İki” (two), “Üç” (three), “On” (ten), “Yirmi” (twenty), and “Yüz” (hundred). These will prove invaluable when shopping, asking for quantities, or understanding directions.

Common Questions and Phrases: Asking simple questions will help you get around smoothly. “Nasılsınız?” (How are you?) and “Adınız ne?” (What is your name?) are great icebreakers. In unfamiliar surroundings, “Nerede?” (Where is…?) will guide you to your destination. When it comes to money matters, “Ne kadar?” (How much does it cost?) will ensure smooth transactions. And don’t hesitate to ask for help by saying, “Bana yardımcı olabilir misiniz?” (Can you help me?). If you’re feeling a bit lost, just say, “Anlamıyorum” (I don’t understand), and people will gladly assist you.

Food and Drinks: Exploring Turkish cuisine is a must, and knowing a few food and drink-related words will enhance your culinary adventures. “Su” (water), “Kahve” (coffee), “Çay” (tea), and “Ekmek” (bread) are essentials. After a satisfying meal, express your gratitude with “Teşekkür ederim, doydum” (Thank you, I’m full). And when something tastes delicious, say “Lezzetli” to show your appreciation.

Directions and Transportation: To navigate through unfamiliar terrain, understanding directions and transportation terms is crucial. “Nerede?” (Where is…?) will help you find specific locations. Knowing “Sol” (left) and “Sağ” (right) will ensure you stay on the right track. If you need public transport, “Otobüs” (bus) or “Taksi” (taxi) will be your best options. And if you’re heading to the airport, “Havalimanı” will get you there.

Weather Expressions: When discussing the weather, these words will come in handy: “Güneşli” (sunny), “Yağmurlu” (rainy), “Sıcak” (hot), “Soğuk” (cold), “Rüzgarlı” (windy), and “Bulutlu” (cloudy). These expressions will help you prepare for the day and engage in small talk with locals.

Time and Dates: Knowing how to express time and dates will assist you in scheduling activities and making plans. Say “Bugün” (today), “Yarın” (tomorrow), and “Dün” (yesterday) to reference specific days. “Hafta” (week), “Ay” (month), and “Yıl” (year) will help you understand longer time periods.

Common Turkish Sayings: Immerse yourself in Turkish culture by familiarizing yourself with some common Turkish sayings. “Gülme komşuna, gelir başına” advises against mocking others as trouble could come your way. “Yavaş yavaş yol al dağ aşar” encourages taking things slowly but surely to achieve great results. “Aşkın gözü kör olsun” expresses a wish for love to blind one’s eyes. And “Söz uçar, yazı kalır” reminds us that words may fade, but writings endure.

To summarize, here is 20+ words and saying that will get you started in the Turkish language,

Greetings and Basic Expressions

  • Hello (Merhaba)
  • Goodbye (Hoşça kal)
  • Thank you (Teşekkür ederim)
  • Please (Lütfen)
  • Yes (Evet) and No (Hayır)
  • Excuse me (Affedersiniz)

Numbers and Counting

  • One (Bir)
  • Two (İki)
  • Three (Üç)
  • Ten (On)
  • Twenty (Yirmi)
  • Hundred (Yüz)

Common Questions and Phrases

  • How are you? (Nasılsınız?)
  • What is your name? (Adınız ne?)
  • Where is the restroom? (Tuvalet nerede?)
  • How much does it cost? (Ne kadar?)
  • Can you help me? (Bana yardımcı olabilir misiniz?)
  • I don’t understand (Anlamıyorum)

Food and Drinks

  • Water (Su)
  • Coffee (Kahve)
  • Tea (Çay)
  • Bread (Ekmek)
  • Thank you, I’m full (Teşekkür ederim, doydum)
  • Delicious (Lezzetli)

Directions and Transportation

  • Where is…? (Nerede?)
  • Left (Sol) and Right (Sağ)
  • Straight ahead (Düz ileri)
  • Bus (Otobüs)
  • Taxi (Taksi)
  • Airport (Havalimanı)

Weather Expressions

  • Sunny (Güneşli)
  • Rainy (Yağmurlu)
  • Hot (Sıcak)
  • Cold (Soğuk)
  • Windy (Rüzgarlı)
  • Cloudy (Bulutlu)

Time and Dates

  • Today (Bugün)
  • Tomorrow (Yarın)
  • Yesterday (Dün)
  • Week (Hafta)
  • Month (Ay)
  • Year (Yıl)


Congratulations! You’ve just gained a valuable toolkit of useful Turkish words and sayings. By incorporating these expressions into your interactions, you’ll create memorable experiences and forge deeper connections with the people you meet. So, go ahead and practice, embrace the Turkish culture, and explore the linguistic beauty of this fascinating country. Safe travels and “İyi yolculuklar!” (Bon voyage!).


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